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The top 10 twists of 2023 that made global waves

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The year 2023 was marked by significant events that impacted the Indian stock market, creating chaos for investors. The market faced a storm of global and domestic challenges, including a surge in US Treasury yields, the Adani-Hindenburg controversy, and the ban on Rs 2000 notes in India. Despite these challenges, the Indian stock market showed resilience and adaptability, with certain sectors and stocks emerging as leaders.

Let us explore the key events that shaped the Indian stock market in 2023 and their impact on investors.

Adani-Hindenburg rumble

2023 began with the Adani-Hindenburg saga, which was one of the most significant events that impacted the Indian stock market in 2023. The controversy surrounding the short-selling report by Hindenburg Research on Adani Group's stocks led to a sharp decline in the company's share prices. The event triggered a broader sell-off in the Indian market as foreign investors became cautious and pulled out funds from the country. The incident also highlighted the importance of corporate governance and the need for transparency in the business operations of Indian companies.

Financial giants tumbled

The year saw the failure of several banks, including Silvergate and Silicon Valley Bank. The collapse of these financial institutions had a ripple effect on the Indian stock market as investors became wary of the potential risks associated with the banking sector. The failures emphasized the need for strong regulatory oversight and strong risk management practices in the banking industry.

A surge in US Treasury yields

There was a significant surge in US Treasury yields, which had a considerable impact on the Indian stock market. As US bond yields rose, investors became increasingly attracted to the relatively higher yields offered by US bonds, leading to a shift away from riskier assets such as stocks. The development highlighted the integration of global financial markets and the need for Indian investors to diversify their portfolios.

The 2000 rupee note's demise

The Indian government's decision to ban Rs 2000 notes in 2023 was another significant event that impacted the stock market. The move was aimed at restraining black money and corruption, but it led to a temporary disruption in the currency market. The event underscored the importance of policy decisions and their impact on the financial markets.

G20 Summit spotlight

India hosted the G20 Summit in 2023, which brought together leaders from the world's 20 largest economies. The event was a significant moment for India on the global stage, highlighting the country's growing influence in international affairs. The summit also provided an opportunity for India to showcase its economic and cultural strengths to the world.

Twitter's social media shakeup

Twitter, one of the most popular social media platforms, rebranded itself as X. The rebranding was part of a broader effort to expand the platform's offerings and appeal to a wider audience. The move marked a significant shift in the company's strategy and highlighted the importance of innovation and adaptation in the technology sector.

Tech titan dominance

The emergence of seven top-performing stocks, which accounted for 90% of the S&P 500's YTD returns,. The 'magnificent seven' stocks comprised Apple, Microsoft, Alphabet, Amazon, Nvidia, Meta, and Tesla. The reasons why these stocks performed well varied. For stocks like Alphabet, Meta, and Amazon, the starting valuations in 2023 were relatively cheap. Additionally, these companies benefited from the growing trend of digitalization and the increasing importance of technology in the global economy. The impressive performance of these stocks highlighted the potential for growth in the technology sector and underscored the significance of diversification in investment portfolios.

Israel-Hamas conflict

The year saw a significant rise in geopolitical tensions, with the ongoing Israel-Hamas conflict emerging as a major concern for global financial markets. Investors turned cautious, leading to increased market volatility and impacting investment decisions worldwide. This cautious sentiment affected India's disinvestment plans for the 2023-24 fiscal year. The government faced challenges in divesting stakes in CONCOR and shipping corporations, highlighting the broader impact of global uncertainties on economic stability.

T+1 settlement

Indian stock markets shifted to a shorter settlement cycle, or T+1 regime, for the final list of large stocks on January 27, 2023. T+1 (trade plus one) means that market trade-related settlements will need to be cleared within one day of the actual transactions taking place. Earlier, trades on the Indian stock exchanges were settled in two working days after the transaction was done (T+2).

BJP's state power play

A decisive mandate in favor of the Bharatiya Janata Party in Chattisgarh, Madhya Pradesh, and Rajasthan sparked a captivating gap-up rally, delivering a noteworthy 3.5 percent. week-over-week return in the broader market. Following a period of low performance over the last one or two months, India emerged as an appealing investment destination, surpassing the global market. The election results strengthened investor confidence in the Indian economy and underscored the significance of political stability in driving growth.

Moving forward

As 2024 begins, investors are eagerly looking ahead to the prospects of a new decade. Despite some recent market volatility, many analysts are predicting a bullish year for stocks in 2024, with renewed optimism in the tech sector and continued growth in emerging markets.

‘There are always risks and uncertainties. Facing all of that, it's time to celebrate the past year's gains and look forward to the opportunities ahead’.

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